Canadian Refugee Laws

Enforced by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) and the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), Canadian refugee laws are designed to protect the rights, dignities, and lives of those who seek asylum in the country. These legislations are set in such a way as to be beneficial to Canadian immigrants, residents, and citizens while laying out a system for the protection of refugees.

Canada’s Tradition of Humanitarian Action

The country’s fairness and compassion with the refugee question forms a source of great pride for most Canadians. These two values, in particular, form the core of the domestic protection system in the country, as well as the Resettlement Assistance Program.

In Canada, refugees are defined as individuals who have had to flee their countries on account of well-founded fears of persecution. Such individuals are, therefore, unable to go back to their home countries. Most of the refugees who seek asylum in Canada are typically from war-torn countries, which they fled after experiencing or seeing unthinkable horrors.

In Canadian history, refugees are classified differently from immigrants. Whereas the latter elect to permanently settle in another country, the former are forced to flee to protect their lives, liberties, freedoms, and rights.

Canada takes on refugees and settles them for purposes of saving lives, providing stability, and providing hope of relief t the downtrodden. On account of this, the country’s various resettlement programs are internationally recognised and respected.

Refugee Requirements in Canada

Canada offers protection to refugees facing persecution in their home/resident countries. Individuals can make refugee claims within the country when they arrive by air, sea, or land. It is also possible to file for refugee status while outside the country if you are sponsored by a private group or by the government.

The IRB makes decisions and approves refugee claims. They also decide whether the applicant is an individual needing protection or if they are a Convention refugee.

Convention refugees are defined as those with a founded fear of persecution on account of their:

– Race

– Religion

– Political opinion

– Nationality

– Membership in particular social groups (including, women and people of certain sexual orientations)

Individuals needing protection are those who face the dangers listed below should they return to their resident/home countries:

– Danger of torture

– Risk to life

– Risk of unusually cruel punishment or treatment

Both of these categories of people are further classified into the mainstream Canadian refugee system, namely:

– The Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program, which is designed for individuals seeking protection from outside the country

– The In-Canada Asylum Program, designed for individuals claiming refugee protection from within the country


According to Canadian refugee laws, most allocations or quotas for refugees are supported by the main Government-Assisted Refugee Program. Additionally, the law allows private persons or organizations to identify and sponsor refugees who meet the eligibility and admissibility requirements.

Although the refugee screen procedure/process is multi-staged, rigorous, and thorough, those who qualify end up receiving the protection and the resettlement they solely need. As a direct result, Canadian refugee laws as well as its protection programs have helped the most vulnerable in the world all the while ensuring the safety and health of Canadian citizens, residents, and immigrants.

Canada’s refugee protection programs have helped the world’s most vulnerable, while ensuring the health and safety of Canadians.

Through these protection programs, refugees have been granted asylum. In turn, they bring their skills and experiences, as well as their dreams and hopes to the country. As a result, the laws have enabled tons of refugees to contribute to a more prosperous and richer society for all.